Frequently Asked Questions About Personality Psychology

Have you been suffering from addiction or negative behaviors? Does it seem like it is so difficult to climb out of the hole? Do you think your personality plays a role in how you think, feel, and act? Are your assets and attributes a result of your environment (nurture)? Or are they innate and hereditary (nature)?


Interestingly, research has uncovered that no single personality or set of personality traits leads to addiction. There may be a few common traits in certain individuals suffering from addiction, such as alcohol addiction. However, it is not conclusive. Despite the variety of features, only the inability to self-regulate was a pivotal factor. This key characteristic determines the likelihood of getting addicted to substances.

However, it is still very important to look into the psychology of personality. It is possible to understand who you truly are and what you can do about the situation through it. Understanding your motivations, thought patterns, tendencies, and reactions to stimuli can bring a healthier predisposition. It can then lead towards growth and development in life. Moreover, it can also bring inevitable changes.

An individual’s personality is generally regarded as a permanent attribute. It is largely stable and inherited. But some findings indicate that major life events may lead to an alternative version of a personality. Personality traits, commonly identified as: 

  • neuroticism, 
  • extroversion, 
  • conscientiousness, 
  • openness to experience, and 
  • agreeableness.

These are all key indicators to predict a person’s economic, social, and psychological potential.

In this article, we run through the study of personality through the lens of psychology. We will discuss how it can help us assess ourselves and adjust accordingly in life. In this series of questions, you will learn about the important theoretical frameworks and personalities’ common categories. You will also find out the essential personality traits that make a positive individual.

What are the four major theories of personality?

The four major theories of personality, according to psychologists, include trait, social cognition, humanistic, and psychoanalytic approaches. 

What is personality psychology?

Personality is a blend of emotions, thought patterns, motivation, and behaviors that define a person—personality psychology endeavors to study differences and similarities in these patterns among various people and races. 


How many types of personality are there in psychology?

Comprehending your personality can provide you with an idea as to your strengths and weaknesses. It also helps you acquire knowledge of how other people view you. Most present-day psychologists agree that five primary personality types are often known as the five-factor model. 

What is the concept of personality?

Personality is described as a characteristic set of cognitions, emotional configurations, and behaviors that arise from environmental and biological factors. Raymond Cattell defines personality as a set of traits that foresee an individual’s behavior. 

What is an example of personality psychology?

Someone’s personality will fall within the range for each trait. For instance, you might be more of an extrovert, agreeable, and more conscientious, but somewhere between neuroticism and openness. 

What are the characteristics of personality?

Three main criteria characterize personality. These are stability, individual differences, and consistency. To possess a personality trait, a person must be fairly consistent in various situations in terms of the behaviors linked to their qualities. 

What are the five main personality traits?

The five general personality traits pertained to by the theory include agreeableness, extroversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. Personality trait theories have long tried to pin down the number of personality traits precisely. 

What are the six traits of good character?

The six pillars of character include responsibility, trustworthiness, citizenship, fairness, caring, and respect. 

What are the three natures of personality?

These include social and cultural structure, the organism’s psychic structure, and the organism’s physiological structure. These structures influence the development of personality. 

What is the importance of personality?

The development of personality helps an individual develop a remarkable personality and stand out from the rest. It also plays a vital role in enhancing an individual’s communication skills. People should attempt to practice and perfect the art of conveying their thoughts and emotions in the most preferred way. 

Is personality genetic?

Personality is not determined by only one gene but by the interactions of various genes working together. In general, genes have more influence than how parents influence or shape one’s personality. 

What are the eight types of personalities?

The eight types include introverted thinking, extraverted thinking, extraverted sensation, introverted sensation, introverted intuition, extraverted intuition, introverted thinking, and extraverted thinking. 

What is the rarest personality type?

The rarest personality type is frequently known as a ‘counselor’ type due to the INF J personality traits. The INFJs are quite persistent and moral, and they typically view the glass as half full rather than half empty. They would rather be more open with very few trusted people and are great listeners as well. 


The goal of psychology towards any aspect of life and human behavior is to find common themes or principles that can accurately describe, explain, predict, and even change human behavior and mental processes. It is very important because it would improve our performance in almost every aspect of life. Knowing and understanding can improve learning, job performance, socialization, and self-improvement.

By understanding how the mind works, we could mold the next generation to be capable and empowered to build a better society. A very important aspect of psychology is personality, so personality psychology is as vital as ever.


Understanding the value of personality psychology is important for psychologists. It helps create programs tailor-fit for an individual struggling with particular conditions. It is also important for psychologists to predict how certain people would respond to certain situations. 

For any individual, it is important to learn about personality and the psychology behind each personality. Through this, a person gets to understand himself/herself better. Moreover, it develops empathy and compassion towards others. Our personalities dictate how we feel, react, interact, and understand things. 

Personalities show our preferences regarding behaviors, hobbies, likes, dislikes, people, romantic partners, and family members. Personalities are also significant indicators of how people conduct themselves in leadership positions and decision-making roles. It also plays a part in information retention activities. 

Countless ways prove that our personality is a part of us. And by understanding it, we can change our lives for the better. Therefore, understanding personality psychology has multiple purposes. It can help improve the workplace, the social network, or just for self-enrichment. Regardless of what life throws at you, understanding your personality will certainly benefit you. By knowing your strengths and limits, you can be more effective in the roles that you play.

Link Between Alcohol And Anxiety: Frequently Asked Questions




When you try to deal with exhausting days or stressful circumstances, you may be persuaded to take a glass and fill it with beer or wine to calm yourself. However, drinking alcohol, specifically heavily and over long periods, can tremendously increase your anxious symptoms.

Consuming alcohol can have dangerous outcomes for someone who is undergoing treatment for depression or anxiety. It might seem like a great way to relieve anxiety if you have one, two, or too many to drink, but in truth, you may be doing yourself more harm than good.


There is a slight truth to the statement that alcohol can lower stress. Alcohol is a downer and has a calming effect that directly affects the brain. Initially, drinking decreases one’s fears and helps you forget your problems for a while. Alcohol also helps improve your mood, increase relaxation, and increase self-confidence. In fact, its effects can be like those of your anti-anxiety medications.

Unwinding with alcohol sometimes isn’t essentially harmful if your doctor is aware and approves of it. However, once you have begun drinking, you might be more willing to tolerate its relaxing effects. Subsequently, this causes the pressure and anxiety even more challenging to go through.

Consuming exaggerated amounts of alcohol can also cause evident mental and physical results. Over time, drinking too much causes memory loss, blackouts, and ultimately brain abnormalities. These issues can worsen anxiety as you attempt to manage the symptoms.

The feeling of relaxation you feel when you consume considerable amounts of alcohol can frequently result from one’s blood alcohol content. A surge in these levels causes a person to have initial feelings of gratification, but then depressive feelings present as the blood alcohol content levels fall. It is then possible that consuming a few drinks that cause your BAC levels to increase and then normalize again can lead you to become more apprehensive than you previously were.

Alcohol And Anxiety

Alcohol alters serotonin and other brain chemical levels, leading to more anxiety. As a matter of fact, the anxiety you’re feeling will even worsen when the effects of alcohol subside. Alcohol-induced anxiety can continue for a few hours or the entire day after you have been drinking.

Using alcohol to counter your issue with social anxiety can be harmful. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America states that more than 5% of Americans have this anxiety type. If you have this condition, you might find social events intolerable. It is typical for individuals with social anxiety problems to use alcohol to manage themselves during social interactions, but this can result in alcohol dependency when socializing, worsening anxiety symptoms.

Approximately 20% of those with a social anxiety disorder also have alcohol dependence.

Additionally, aside from needing to take alcohol to calm their nerves when socializing, other warning signs of dependence include:

  • The need to drink to get up in the morning
  • The inability to quit drinking
  • Heavy drinking for several days a week
  • The need to drink at every social event or gathering
  • Consuming more than four alcoholic beverages in a day


How does alcohol affect anxiety?

Alcohol worsens anxiety by changing the levels of serotonin and other chemicals found in the brain. A person may feel more tense and anxious after the effects of alcohol wear off in his body. Alcohol-induced anxiety may persist for a number of hours or even the whole day after consuming it.

Can alcohol cause anxiety attacks? 

Alcohol could help with anxiety but only temporarily. The fact is, it can do more harm than good in the long term and can lead to severe panic attacks. It is not uncommon for someone to feel anxious after a heavy drinking spree, but alcohol-induced panic disorder is actually an indication of a serious problem that needs attention. 

Is alcohol bad for anxiety and depression? 

Regularly drinking in heavy doses disrupts the chemicals’ normal activity in the nervous system that are important for good physical and mental health. So while most people feel more relaxed after drinking, in the long run, alcohol negatively affects one’s health and can add to feelings of anxiety and depression and consequently makes stress more difficult to manage. 

How do I stop anxiety after drinking?

Alcohol-induced anxiety lasts for several hours or up to 24 hours after consuming alcohol. Drinking heavily to deal with anxiety can be life-threatening. There are simple strategies that you can try to calm your anxiety after drinking. Initially, you can try slowing down your breathing by counting to three while breathing. Be conscious of your heartbeat while you are gradually relaxing more and more. 

Does CBD help anxiety?

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBD has proven to lessen rats’ stress levels under an experimental study. The subjects were said to have lessened their behavioral indications of anxiety. Physiological indications of anxiety, like a fast heartbeat, also became better.

How can I calm my anxiety?

Home remedies that you can do try to help ease your anxiety include:

  • Focused, relaxed deep breaths that could calm both the body and mind
  • Being able to accept your anxious feelings, acknowledge them, and then find ways to put these anxious feelings into perspective
  • Choose a relaxation or mindfulness app that you can follow regularly
  • Being positive and proactive about your mental and physical health.

How can I control my anxiety without medication?

Some simple steps that you can try doing to manage your anxiety without taking medications include:

  • Be mentally and physically active.
  • Avoid too much caffeine.
  • Talk to someone you trust.
  • Feel better about saying no.
  • Get a sufficient amount of sleep.
  • Live in the present.



Bottom Line

The term ‘moderate drinking’ is different for all age brackets and both males and females. In America, ‘moderate’ usually means having one drink daily for women and two for men. On the other hand, older adults can metabolize alcohol rapidly, so if you belong to this age group, you should confine yourself to one type of alcoholic drink a day. Consult with your doctor if moderate drinking is right for you.

The truth is that the benefits of consuming alcohol can often be outweighed by its risks, including obesity, cardiovascular damage, depression, and liver disease. Alcohol impacts everyone in different ways. It makes you feel relaxed after a long and exhausting day, or you can feel idle and useless. Talk with your doctor about these concerns, so you will know if alcohol consumption is safe for you.




How Someone’s Mental Health Doesn’t Get Affected By Parents’ Divorce



Jolene had been my best friend since fifth grade. I was a transferee back then and found it challenging to connect with my classmates, but Jolene befriended me immediately. While we were the exact opposite of each other – she was tall and funny; I was stout and silent – it somehow didn’t deter us from liking each other’s company.

Whenever we ate lunch and did our assignments together, Jolene would always crack jokes and make things light. (That’s especially true when we’re doing math – our least favorite subject.) She was charming and nice to my parents, too, to the extent that Mom often allowed us to have slumber parties. If you ever met my best friend, you would think that Jolene only experienced sunshine and daisies throughout her childhood.

Unfortunately, the reality was far from that. The reason is that Jolene turned out to be a product of divorce. At first, I did not realize it because her parents always took turns driving her to and from school. On all the occasions that I met them, I never saw my best friend sulk or roll her eyes while either parent wasn’t looking. I only thought of asking when I read Jolene’s permission slip for our field trip and saw that her mother used a different surname.



I asked, “Oh, did your mom keep her maiden name after getting married?”

Jolene simply replied, “No, she started using it again after her divorce with dad was finalized.”

I was quick to apologize, hoping my question did not offend her, but Jolene waved her hand and laughed. She said, “Hey, it’s okay! It’s not like I was hiding or ashamed of being a product of divorce.”

I stood there, dumbfounded. The last kid I met at my old school whose parents went through the same thing became a rebel overnight. He vandalized the lockers, caused a commotion in the public library, and did everything else that his mom and dad told him not to do. When a teacher yelled, “Stop! Why are you doing this?!” he yelled back, “My parents said they would never split, but they did, and I hate everyone for it!” And here, my best friend was, seemingly unaffected by her folks’ divorce.



I asked out loud, “How can your mental health be unaffected by all this change?”

Jolene gave me a few reasons that got stuck in my head even decades after hearing them.

There Was No Longer Fighting At Home

My best friend’s primary reason was that her mom and dad used to fight a lot when they were still together. It apparently started with which plates they would use for a family dinner and came to a point where they fought about a slight wrinkle on the bedsheets. Even from a young age, Jolene realized her parents were merely looking for ways to spite each other.



When the divorce proceedings took place, though, Jolene’s parents still had to go through marriage counseling. That’s when it came to light that the soon-to-be-ex couple forgot how to communicate and lost their romantic love somewhere along the way. But this news helped them become best friends later, so it’s all good.

They Became Better Parents Post-Divorce

Since Jolene’s mom and dad were busy pinpointing each other’s misgivings, they turned into neglectful parents for a little while. My best friend said that there were days when she would go to school without ironed clothes or lunch because her mother forgot to help her dress up in the morning. Then, she walked a few blocks to get home because her father started a yelling match with her mom and didn’t see that it was time to pick up Jolene.

I couldn’t imagine those instances ever happening because of how devoted Jolene’s parents seemed to her. She said, “Yes, they have leveled up at co-parenting since the divorce, so I have no complaints. Perhaps it’s because they no longer live under the same roof, so their time doesn’t get wasted antagonizing each other, and they can focus on me now.”



They Deserve To Find Happiness

According to Jolene, she had been encouraging her mom and dad to reenter the dating scene. Again, it took me by surprise because I had never met any child of divorce who was this open to letting their parents find new love. If my folks broke up (knock on wood), I don’t think I could do that.

But Jolene reasoned that her parents had been unhappy for years in each other’s arms, so they deserved to look for their own happiness. “I would be selfish to ask them otherwise,” she uttered.

Final Thoughts

I’ll have you know that Jolene’s parents ended up remarrying each other after a decade of being divorced. They had relationships with other people before it happened, and my best friend was cool with it. Still, she was the happiest girl in the world when she found out that her parents were tying the knot again.



At the reception, Jolene told me, “See, if I acted up years ago and didn’t support my parents’ decision, they would have stayed together unhappily. But now they chose to be together without any prompting from me, and I know that this marriage would last this time.”


Mental Health Counseling For The Family


Throughout the years, mental health has become less and less of a taboo in our society. We are slowly accepting and understanding the truth about mental illness and what we can do to help the people who are affected by this. With what is happening in the world today – the pandemic, being in quarantine, economic decline, and losing physical interaction – it is understandable for many of us to be in mental or emotional distress. So, we need to educate ourselves on the many facts of mental health.

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What Goes Around, Comes Around – Separated During The Lockdown


I was not just brokenhearted last February. My whole being was devastated due to the fact that my husband of twelve years left me for a younger woman. There were issues of COVID-19 at that time when I heard him talking to her over the phone. “I will be with you, and yes. I will divorce her. I will tell her about it tonight.” I did not make tonight happen, for I walked out of that house, a house that was supposed to be a home for us. We dreamed together that we would grow old there, but then, he was divorcing me. How could he do that?

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Types Of Children From A Dysfunctional Family

In the 2019 parenthood events, there is an emphasis on how toxic parental roles affect the children’s upbringing. Such toxicity can influence the kids’ habits and traits that they somehow carry on to adulthood. It is noted that family dynamics that incorporates compulsive behavior often makes children take on the same example. Therefore, children quite come up with the role that they try to fit in the family.


The Hero – A hero-type of children from a dysfunctional family is often the responsible ones. These kids are mature and wise beyond their younger years. Most of these hero-type kids are viewed as well-composed, self-sufficient, and over-achievers. However, in reality, these children suffer silently. They carry the burden of sadness from their parent’s toxic behaviors. These kids force themselves to become the opposite of their parents regardless of whatever it takes.

The Troublemaker – Usually, this type of child is the family’s scapegoat. These children are the ones who often take the blame for their parents’ incompetent actions. These kids are angry, aggressive, and defensive. They always put on a strong personality making most of them the leader of their social groups. But what people do not know is that they build walls around themselves out of fear. These children are emotionally sensitive and self-destructive.


The Enabler – Children take on this role when they try to hide their dysfunctional family’s negative aspects. These kids appear to be the caretakers of the family. They do not know how to cope with the toxicity, so they do not try to confront every one of their behavior; they make excuses for other people to mask down their family’s dysfunctionality. These kids secure the family by convincing people to believe they are happy and well-rounded. These children distract people because they know how to show cheerful demeanor despite having an emotional dilemma.

Common Family Issues During This Pandemic

There are times that we know our families are the ones we want to be around. It is where we feel safe and loved. In a pandemic situation that we are dealing with, they are the ones we can hold onto. However, sometimes our family can give us an opposite feeling of comfort. There are instances that even if we are with them, we still feel alone, different, and in danger. In this time of the global health crisis, let us debunk some of the family toxicities that happen unnoticeably inside some of our homes.


There’s A Chance Of Disrespect To Boundaries

All of us can love our families. However, there are instances that sometimes the small annoying things they do are what get us into our nerves. During this pandemic, it seems like they feel too attached to you that they forget to respect boundaries. Some feel they are entitled to just barge into your room just because they do not have anything to do during the lockdown. In some cases, your parent and siblings just won’t leave you alone and often get upset when you spend most of your time with your device. Of course, there is no such thing as “get out of my life.” Most times, when you want to feel alone for a while and just relax your thoughts a little bit, your family always comes up with a thing that inevitably annoys you.


There Are Little To No Meaningful Conversations

Our family is supposed to help strengthen our communication skills. However, most units during this pandemic situation forget about the importance of having a good conversation. Honestly, if you try to ask people what are their usual daily routine, you might get shocked to find out that most families do not share a meaningful discussion even for five minutes. They get accustomed to the idea that each member of the unit should find a way to manage this situation independently. Therefore, it becomes none of your parents or siblings’ businesses to talk to you, not unless they can benefit something out of the topic.


Family Situations Induce Mental Torture

One thing that all of us can hate about family toxicity during this lockdown situation is when we get caught up in the middle of a fight. That sometimes, even if it is not our fault, we end up apologizing because it kinds of feels like it is. When our parents argue about something, we feel frustrated and want to isolate ourselves even more, and that is not healthy at all. Being stuck with our parents and siblings who make fighting as a hobby is no different in living alone. There’s the buildup of antagonizing stress that makes us wish we could go outside and spend the rest of our time with friends and colleagues. The constant disagreements and unpleasant arguing somehow weakens our ability to appreciate being surrounded by the ones we love.


Your Family’s Problems Become Yours

As much as you want to stay mentally and emotionally focused so that you can survive this pandemic, your family somehow affects you at all costs. Their problems instantly become yours, and there is nothing you can do about it. At some point, it takes over your whole life because you can never make decisions anymore. In some instances, your opinion somehow doesn’t matter. If your parents are on the verge of breaking down, you also end up going down with them. And when your siblings find it hard to move on, you find yourself picking them up even if that means there is no one to pick you after.


How I Raised My Child Alone

Attending the 2017 single parenthood summit is the best thing that ever happened to me. Because after all those years of trying to figure out my situation, the event became a blessing. Honestly, being a single parent is quite hard. You get judged, criticized, blamed, and hated by almost everyone. It is as if your decision becomes someone else’s misery. Well, I can’t blame them because that is how society blinds itself from the truth. So instead of focusing on the negativities, I managed to incorporate strategies on raising my child alone.


I Removed Guilt – My decision to have a child is not someone else’s problem. It is my choice, and I know I have to deal with that. Removing the guilt that everybody tries to input in me is the best thing that I did. I realized that for me to be able to start with my life, I must practice the art of minding my own business.

I Set Limits – Raising a child alone requires double the effort. Honestly, you can never do both. The whole process is exhausting, and sometimes it makes you want to quit. However, setting up a limit on things that you can and can’t do manages everything. You need to understand the difference between responsibility and priority before you make a move.

Stay Positive – Yes, in certain situations, you can never stick to positivity. Life can be a mess, and sometimes it drags you to the pit. However, when you think about your child, and how life would be for your kid, things change. You begin to realize that the grass is always greener on the other side.


Always Show Love – There is nothing more precious in this world than your kid. Giving everything is not enough if you cannot love unconditionally. Yes, single-parenting can drive you crazy. But the whole effort and sacrifices are everything that makes the struggle worth it.

Being A Single Parent Makes You Stronger


It is ideal that a child has both parents growing up. The role of the father and mother are both equally vital to the wellbeing of a child. Fathers provide strength and courage while mothers give love and tenderness. Unfortunately, not all families have both. Some have a father but don’t have a mother and vice versa. Many instances may result in this kind of situation like the death of one parent, abandonment, or other more complicated reasons like the father not knowing that he has a child.

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Suits (Series): A Story Of A College Dropout

[You Can Be Great If You Choose To]


Suits is an American television series which tells a story about Mike Ross, a college dropout who has a photographic memory or eidetic memory. He can extraordinarily recall everything he reads in a book, even if he had just read it for the first time. His skill was promising and made him aspire for greatness. Unfortunately, his best friend, Trevor, sold a test to a fellow student who happened to be the dean’s daughter. Mike took the blame and lost his scholarship and got kicked out of college. To make up for literally ruining Mike’s life, Trevor rented an apartment for Mike, but it doesn’t make any difference. Mike’s life turned messy as he got involved with Trevor’s illegal activities involving illegal drugs. He also was taking the bar exam for students who were not confident to pass.

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